The first day of the Iranian calendar falls on the #March equinox, the first day of #spring, around 21 March. In the 11th century CE the Iranian calendar was reformed in order to fix the beginning of the calendar year, i.e. Nowruz, at the vernal equinox. Accordingly, the definition of Nowruz given by the Iranian scientist Tusi was the following: "the first day of the official #New_Year [Nowruz] was always the day on which the sun entered Aries before noon."Nowruz is the first day of #Farvardin, the first month of the #Iranian solar #calendar.
In the Shahenshahi and Kadmi calendars, which do not account for leap years, the New Year's Day has drifted ahead by over 200 days. Followers of those calendars (some Zoroastrians in Pakistan and India) celebrate the spring equinox as Jamshed-i Nouroz, with New Year's Day then being celebrated in July–August as Pateti, the day of penitence".
The word Nowruz is a combination of Persian words now, (English: new) and ruz (English: day). Pronunciation varies among Persian dialects, with Eastern dialects using the pronunciation IPA: [næuˈɾoːz], western dialects IPA: [nouˈɾuːz], and Tehranis IPA: [noːˈɾuːz]. A variety of spelling variations for the word nowruz exist in English-language usage, including #novruz, #nowruz, #nauruz and newroz.
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